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A hydrocele is a fluid-filled sac that forms around the testicle, leading to swelling in the scrotum. This condition occurs when fluid accumulates in the membrane that surrounds the testicle, causing the sac to become enlarged. Hydroceles are relatively common and can affect males of any age, including newborns.

There are two main types of hydroceles:

  1. **Communicating Hydrocele:** This type occurs when there is a connection between the abdominal cavity and the scrotum, allowing fluid to flow into the scrotum. Communicating hydroceles are more common in infants and young boys.
  2. **Non-Communicating Hydrocele:** In this type, there is no connection between the abdominal cavity and the scrotum. Non-communicating hydroceles may be present at birth or develop later in life and are more common in older boys and adults.

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While hydroceles are generally not harmful and often painless, they can be concerning for individuals due to the noticeable swelling. In infants, communicating hydroceles may resolve on their own by the age of one, but if they persist or if the hydrocele is causing discomfort, medical evaluation is recommended.

In older boys or adults, non-communicating hydroceles may be monitored or treated based on the size of the hydrocele and the presence of symptoms. Surgical intervention may be considered to drain the fluid or repair the communication between the abdominal cavity and the scrotum, depending on the type of hydrocele and its underlying cause. Individuals with concerns about a hydrocele should seek medical advice for proper evaluation and management.

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