British International Piles Clinics


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Proctitis refers to inflammation of the rectal lining, which is the last portion of the large intestine that connects to the anus. This inflammation can cause various symptoms and may have different causes. Common causes of proctitis include infections, inflammatory bowel diseases, and sexually transmitted infections.

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Common causes of proctitis include:

  1. 1. **Infections:** Bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections can cause proctitis. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) like gonorrhea, chlamydia, or herpes can also lead to proctitis.
  2. 2. **Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD):** Conditions such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease can cause inflammation in the rectum.
  3. 3. **Radiation therapy:** Proctitis can be a side effect of radiation therapy for cancer, particularly when it involves the pelvic region.
  4. 4. **Autoimmune conditions:** Disorders that affect the immune system, such as rheumatoid arthritis, may contribute to proctitis.

Diagnosis typically involves a thorough medical history, physical examination, and may include procedures like sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to visualize the rectum and take tissue samples for further evaluation. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may involve medications, lifestyle changes, or, in some cases, surgery.

If you suspect you have proctitis or are experiencing symptoms, it's essential to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and appropriate management.

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